Diabetes mellitus is a prevalent metabolic disorder that requires early detection and effective management. Glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) evaluation has emerged as a valuable tool in diagnosing diabetes mellitus. This study evaluated 62 cases, with 21 diabetic and 41 non-diabetic, and found a significant p-value for HbA1c levels. The mean HbA1c level was 6.36, with a standard deviation of 1.90 and a variance of 3.6189. Comparative analysis showed an increased case detection rate in HbA1c testing. HbA1c testing improves accuracy and convenience of diabetes diagnosis, correlates with long-term glycemic control, and is a prognostic marker for cardiovascular risk. The study highlights the importance of incorporating HbA1c testing into clinical practice, monitoring treatment effectiveness and guiding therapeutic decisions. The findings support the growing recognition of HbA1c as a reliable diagnostic tool for diabetes mellitus, with its ability to reflect average blood glucose levels over a prolonged period. Further research is needed to explore its applicability across different populations and establish standardized guidelines for HbA1c interpretation and utilization.
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